The Dark energy Survey (DES) Project
The accelerated expansion of the universe is the main discovery that sets the initial research program of 21st Century cosmology. The Dark Energy Survey is a next generation sky survey aimed directly at understanding this mystery. The DES Collaboration is building an extremely red sensitive 500 Megapixel camera (DECam), a 1 meter diameter, 2.2 degree field of view prime focus corrector, and a data aquisition system fast enough to take images in 17 seconds. The cage containing the system mounts at the prime focus of the Blanco 4-meter telescope at CTIO, a southern hemisphere NOAO telescope. Over 5 years, a 30% of the available time on the telescope will be used to pursue a high precision multi-bandpass wide area survey, designed to produce photometric redshifts from 0.2 < z < 1.3. The survey g,r,i,z,Y data will cover 5000 sq-degrees. The 4 main science goals aim at extracting cosmological information on the dark energy from:
- Cluster counting and spatial distribution of clusters at 0.1 < z < 1.3,
- The shifting of the galaxy spatial angular power spectra with redshift,
- Weak lensing measurements on several redshift shells to z~1,
- 4000 supernovae at 0.3 < z < 0.8.
The signature of dark energy being a cosmological constant is that the dark energy density remains constant while the universe expands; technically that w=-1 and that dw/dt = 0. We aim at a 5%-15% precision measurement in w from each of our probes, and a 30% measurment in w'. Combined, they provide both stronger constraints and a check on systematic errors.